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L'INDE

par Pascal Laffitte le 2023-11-22T10:56:00+01:00 dans Droit | 0 Commentaires

 

Situé en Asie du Sud, occupant en grande partie le sous-continent indien, l’Inde est le pays le plus peuplé au monde. Il se distingue par une forte diversité ethnique, linguistique, religieuse, culturelle. L’hindouisme est la religion majoritaire du pays. L’islam dont la présence est très ancienne en Inde y est la deuxième religion. Le système des castes, source d’inégalités sociales, structure la société indienne. Chaque caste, groupe social localisé, héréditaire, endogame, se différencie par son système de valeurs et de pratiques et occupe une position hiérarchique, dominante ou non au sein de la société.

En 1947, la Partition de l’Empire britannique des Indes conduit à la création de deux Etats, l’Inde et le Pakistan. La Constitution indienne, promulguée en 1950, fait de l’Inde une république parlementaire fédérale, laïque et démocratique à la recherche d’une unité dans la diversité, de l’abolition de toute discrimination reposant sur le genre, la religion, la caste, le lieu de naissance. La discrimination positive, proposant un système de quotas, est mise en place pour compenser les inégalités sociales et l’exclusion héritées du système des castes. La montée du nationalisme hindou, incarné par le pouvoir politique actuel, interroge l’avenir de la démocratie face à une domination ethnique et religieuse.

Industrialisation, urbanisation, exode rural, démocratie parlementaire, modernisation sociale… Toutes ces transformations économiques, politiques et sociales agissent en profondeur sur la société indienne, aux prises avec des problèmes environnementaux majeurs découlant de ces transformations et interrogeant l’avenir du pays

 

Le fonds Inde

La bibliothèque de Sciences Po possède un fonds de 16 200 ressources consacrées à l'Inde (livres, périodiques, thèses, ebooks, dossiers de presse), dont 10 000 documents imprimés, parmi lesquels 4 000 sont uniques en France. Principalement anglophone et francophone, en grande partie produit en Inde, ce corpus couvre l'ensemble des disciplines en sciences humaines et sociales enseignées à Sciences Po : histoire, économie, droit, sociologie, science politique, études environnementales, humanités.

 

27 livres à emprunter, à consulter, sur place ou en ligne :

 

Articles : 

CASTES / INTOUCHABLES

  • Akhtar, Zia. Scheduled Castes, Dalits and Criminalisation by 'Descent'. State Crime Journal, Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2020), pp. 71-99. [En ligne]
  • Chatterjee, Ananya. An Analysis of the Caste System in Indian Society. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (December 2021 - January 2022), pp. 1-21. [En ligne]
  • De Roover, Jakob. Scheduled Castes vs. Caste Hindus: About a Colonial Distinction and Its Legal Impact. Socio-Legal Review, Vol. 13, Issue 1 (2017), pp. 22-52. [En ligne]
  • Ilakkiya, N. Neglecting the Depressed Class as a Class of Humans in Indian Society. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 2, Issue 1 (February-March 2019), pp. 294-301. [En ligne]
  • Kamal, Sunita; Pandey, Sonakshi. The Unremitting Menace of Untouchability in India: A Critical Appraisal. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 2, Issue 1 (June-July 2021), pp. 1-23. [En ligne]
  • Nande, Ankit; Jha, Vikash; Aryan, Anurag. Untouchability: A Socio Legal Study. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 3, Issue 1 (October-November 2021), pp. 1-23. [En ligne]

 

DISCRIMINATIONS

  • Gupta, Aarushi. A Critical Analysis of Protective Discrimination under Indian Constitution. Supremo Amicus, Vol. 20 (2020), pp. 1-16. [En ligne]
  • Legrandjacques, Sara. « Inégaux en droit : approche comparée de l’enseignement juridique en Inde britannique et en Indochine française xixe-xxe siècle ». Cahiers Jean Moulin. 2021, vol.7. [En ligne]
  • Shankar, Aarthi. An Overview of the Transgender Rights in India. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (December 2021 - January 2022), pp. 1-21. [En ligne]
  • Shuklaja, B. S. Compensatory Discrimination: An Analysis of the Judicial Approach. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 4 Issue 6, pp. 1-20. [En ligne]
  • Waughray, Annapurna. Caste Discrimination and Minority Rights: The Case of India's Dalits. International Journal on Minority and Group Rights , Vol. 17, Issue 2 (2010), pp. 327-354. [En ligne]

 

MARIAGE

  • Ashwani, Divya; Sharma, Anishka. Marriage Age: Challenges and Issues towards Achieving Women Empowerment. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 4 Issue 1 (2022), pp. 1-8. [En ligne]
  • Bhatia, Drishti. An Analysis of the Changes in the Institution of Marriage in India. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 4 Issue 3 (2021), pp. 1323-1341. [En ligne]
  • Dutta, Udita; Anchalia, Sneha. Institution of Marriage: The Change in Notions. Jus Corpus Law Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 3 (March 2023), pp. 303-311. [En ligne]
  • Gangopadhyay, Jagriti. Does an Increase in the Legal Age of Marriage for Women Guarantee Equality for Women in India? Journal of Indian Law and Society, Vol. 12, Issue 1 (2021), pp. 23-34. [En ligne]
  • Panchori, Meghal. Marriage: An Institution under Hindu Law and Its Changing Notions in India. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 5 Issue 2 (2023), pp. 1-17. [En ligne]
  • Poddar, Hariom Kr. Divorce: Laws and the Position of Women in Indian Society. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 3 Issue 4 (2020), pp. 882-894. [En ligne]
  • Rajora, Shara Pradnya. Study of the Child Marriage Bill, 2021. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 5 Issue 2, pp. 1-14. [En ligne]
  • Rastogi, Anukriti; Shekhawat, Diya. A Critical Study on Uniform Civil Code: To Unify the Marriage and Divorce Laws in India. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 4 Issue 2, pp. 1-11. [En ligne]
  • Suri, Tanvi. Consent in Marriage: An Analysis. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 5 Issue 2, pp. 1-13. [En ligne]
  • Yadav, Akanksha. Harmful Traditions and Cultural Practices against Women in India: An Egregious Violation of Human Rights. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 4 Issue 3 (2022), pp. 1-16. [En ligne]

 

MARIAGE (DOT)

  • Dixit, Seema. An Analysis into the Dowry System in India and Its Legal Aspects. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (December 2021 - January 2022), pp. 1-14. [En ligne]
  • Nag, Dibyangana.The Dowry System in India: An Obstacle to an Egalitarian Society. Jus Corpus Law Journal, Vol. 2, Issue 3 (March-May 2022), pp. 625-635. [En ligne]
  • Raj, Madhuripu; Anand, Prachi. Critical Analysis of Dowry System in India. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 2, Issue 1 (June-July 2021), pp. 1-9. [En ligne]
  • Saravanan, V. An Analysis on Dowry System as Violence in India. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (December 2021 - January 2022), pp. 1-30. [En ligne]

 

TRAGÉDIE INDUSTRIELLE DE BHOPAL

  • Gupta, Arpita. Mass Tort Jurisprudence and Critical Epistemologies of Risk: Dissolution of Public-Private Divide in the Indian Mass Tort Law. Liverpool Law Review, Vol. 40, Issue 3 (October 2019), pp. 227-252. [En ligne]
  • Jagadeesha, Sanjana. Bhopal Gas Tragedy: An Analysis beyond Crime. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 5 Issue 6 (2022), pp. 1323-1330. [En ligne]
  • Khawja, Hasnain M.; Uzma-Advocate, Mah-Nashit. Bhopal Gas Tragedy: A State/Corporate Crime and the Role of Civil Society. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 3, Issue 1 (October-November 2021), pp. 1-13. [En ligne]
  • Krishnan, Jayanth K. Bhopal in the Federal Courts: How Indian Victims Failed to Get Justice in the United States. Rutgers University Law Review, Vol. 72, Issue 3 (Spring 2020), pp. 705-748. [En ligne]

 

TRAVAIL DES ENFANTS

  • Dey, Pritee. The Sources, Consequences and Remedies of Child Labour with Observations on the International Labour Standards and Indian Legislations. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 2, Issue 1 (June-July 2021), pp. 1-19. [En ligne]
  • Garg, Raj Kumar; Mehta, Alisha. Child Labour: An Unacceptable Reality of India. Indian Journal of Integrated Research in Law, Vol. 2 Part 2, Issue 5 (September-October 2022), pp. 1-26. [En ligne]
  • Jadhav, Siddhesh. The Role of Law in the Eradication of Child Labour. Jus Corpus Law Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 3 (March 2023), pp. 388-398. [En ligne]
  • Prabhudesai, Apoorva Kaushal. Child Labour in India: Prevalence, Legislations and Implementations. Indian Journal of Integrated Research in Law, Vol. 3, Issue 3 (May-June 2023), pp. 1-13. [En ligne]

 

VIOLENCES À L'ACIDE 

  • Chowdhury, Saptadip Nandi. Acid Attack: A Major Problem in India. Legal Lock Journal, Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2023), pp. 55-66. [En ligne]
  • Chowdhury, Stuti. Issues and Challenges of Acid Violence in India: A Comparative Study regarding before and after Enactment of Criminal Amendment Act, 2013.Nyaayshastra Law Review, Vol. 2, Issue 2 (June 2021), pp. 1-14. [En ligne]
  • Deepthi, Bhimanapati. Judicial Response towards the Offences against the Women. Supremo Amicus, Vol. 16 (2020), pp. 80-88. [En ligne]

  • Garg, Raj Kumar; Bali, Gopal. Indian Legal Response to Acid Attacks on Women: A Critical Analysis. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 5 Issue 2 (2022), pp. 1019-[xcii] [En ligne]
  • Kaur, Navpreet; Byard, Roger W. Issues and problems involving acid attacks against male victims in India. Medicine, Science and the Law, Vol. 63, Issue 3 (July 2023), pp. 218-221. [En ligne]
  • Mehta, Harshika. Acid Attack: Causes and Consequences. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 4 Issue 3 (2021), pp. 1707-1719. [En ligne]
  • Rajesh, Bharathi S. Victims Compensation with Special Reference to Acid Attack - A Critical Study. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 4 Issue 3 (2021), pp. 5685-5690. [En ligne]
  • Sareen, Ishika. Acid Attack: A Legal Analysis. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 5 Issue 1 (2022), pp. 1804-[clxvii] [En ligne]
  • Shankar, K. K. Sinduja. Acid-Based Violence against Women in India and Mechanisms to Curb It. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (December 2021 - January 2022), pp. 1-9. [En ligne
  • Sinha, Sanskriti. An Analysis of the Legal Regime against Acid Attack Offences: Emphasis on Indian Legislative Approach. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 3 Issue 3 (2020), pp. 848-861. [En ligne]
  • Trivedi, Tanvi. Crimes against Women: The Diabolic Chapter of India. Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, Vol. 4 Issue 4 (2022), pp. 1-19. [En ligne]
  • Upadhayay, Yogita. Acid Attack on Women: A Critical Appraisal of the Indian Legal Response. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 4 Issue 4 (2021), pp. 4068-4081. [En ligne]

 

VIOLENCES DOMESTIQUES

  • Anderson, Siwan. et Garance. Genicot. Suicide and Property Rights in India. Cambridge, Mass : National Bureau of Economic Research. 2014. [En ligne]
  • Gupta, Akhil. Domestic Violence & Patriarchy in the Indian Society. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities, Vol. 3 Issue 2 (2020), pp. 381-404. [En ligne]
  • Kim, Deborah. Marital Rape Immunity in India: Historical Anomaly or Cultural Defence? Crime, Law and Social Change, Vol. 69, Issue 1 (February 2018), pp. 91-108. [En ligne]
  • Mukhopadhyay, Amrita. Found and Lost in Translation: Exploring the Legal Protection of Women from the Domestic Violence Act 2005 through the Social Public Space of Kolkata. Social & Legal Studies, Vol. 28, Issue 3 (June 2019), pp. 349-369. [En ligne]
  • Ruby, T. Teena. A Critical Study on the Domestic Violence Faced by Women in Indian Society with Special Reference to Protection of Women from the Domestic Violence Act, 2005. LexForti Legal Journal, Vol. 2, Issue 4 (April 2021), pp. 9-20. [En ligne]

 

Libguide sur l'Inde : 

 

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